In art history, Realism refers to a period in the mid-nineteenth century when artists rejected the dramatic and Neo-Classical themes of Romanticism. Instead, artists began to favor the portrayal of things as they really appeared and subject matter such as ordinary objects, and the common man performing tasks in everyday settings. As a general artistic term, Realism means a literal representation of people, objects, places and/or situations. With the introduction of Impressionist, Abstract, Surrealist art, etc. Realism is sometimes discounted as playing an important role in the current art world. Yet for classically trained artists, learning to draw realistically from life and nature is fundamental. This painting style typically focuses on the depiction of commonplace subjects. The composition is balanced. The perspective is not abstracted or distorted in any way. Having an almost photographic quality, the colors are more or less true-to-life. As with Pop Art, visible brushstrokes are difficult to find in realism. A smooth surface is achieved with small and carefully applied brushstrokes.